Cruise Lines & the CDC: Protecting You When You Sail
In order for ships to sail again, they must have a Conditional Sailing Certificate from the CDC. The CDC has outlined the procedure to obtain one for each ship in the Conditional Sail Order 40 page document. We have reviewed the CDC docutment and the following is what the cruise lines will need to complete in the coming weeks for a cruise ship to receive a “Conditional Sailing Certificate” and restart cruising in the U.S.
Before a cruise line can apply for a Conditional Sailing Certificate for a particular ship, and within 60 days of the framework being issued, cruise lines must obtain samples from 100% of crew members currently onboard vessels. These samples must be submitted to an approved laboratory onshore for Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) testing.
The cruise lines must notify the CDC at least seven days in advance of collecting and submitting the samples to a laboratory so the sample collection process and laboratory choice can be approved. When results are received from the lab, the cruise line must report them in full to the CDC.
Note: PCR testing is known as the most accurate and is recommended for people that are not showing symptoms. Currently, the cruise lines in Europe are using rapid antigen tests.
Furthermore, Any crew members embarking the ship in the future must receive a PCR test on the day of embarkation that is immediately transported to a lab for testingThe Crew member must also be quarantined for 14 days, and any embarking crew who receive a positive test may be subject to additional isolation.
Going forward, the cruise lines must test every crew member at least weekly and report the results to the CDC.
100% of passengers and crew must receive rapid-result testing at both embarkation and disembarkation; No one will be allowed to board the ship until they receive a negative test result, and those disembarking the ship will not be allowed to continue to their final destination until a negative test result is obtained.
Onboard Diagnostic Testing for Symptomatic Crew and Passengers
During the initial 60 days from the order being issued, cruise lines must develop onboard PCR testing capabilities for symptomatic crew, passengers and their close contacts. The CDC must sign off on the equipment chosen; antigen testing will be discouraged in favor of PCR tests with high sensitivity.
Any positive tests from symptomatic individuals onboard must be immediately reported to the CDC.
All cruise ships operating in U.S. waters have been required to submit Enhanced Data Collection reports to the CDC regarding virus conditions onboard. For any ships that have not been in U.S. waters from March 14 through October 31, the cruise line must begin filing EDC reports at least 28 days prior to the ship re-entering U.S. waters.
Prior to applying for a Conditional Sailing Certificate, the cruise line must have agreements with and approvals from port and local health authorities in the U. S. ports where the ship intends to dock, including:
Medical care agreements between the cruise line and local health care entities to ensure onshore hospitals will accept any passengers and crew who are evacuated from the ship in need of care.
Housing agreements between the cruise line and onshore facilities for isolation of positive cases and their close contacts.
An agreement with the local port authority to determine the number of ships that can be safely accommodated in port on any given day to prevent overtaxing local public health resources.
For Cruise Lines to apply for a Conditional Sailing Certificate, the cruise line must conduct simulated voyages, put pre-cruise notifications in place, and make some operational changes onboard.
The cruise line must apply at least 30 days in advance to operate at least one “simulated voyage” for each ship, demonstrating the ability to mitigate the risks of the virus aboard.
Passenger Requirements for the Simulated Voyage Include:
Passengers must consent to participate voluntarily and not as a condition of employment or future compensation.
Passengers must be over the age of 18 and be notified in advance that they are participating in a simulation of unproven and untested health and safety protocols, and that cruising during a pandemic is an inherently risky activity.
Passengers must have written certification from a health care provider that they don’t have a pre-existing condition that puts the individual at high-risk for virus complications.
Passengers must submit to a monitored observation period and lab testing prior to embarkation.
The Simulated Voyage Must Include:
Embarkation and disembarkation, including terminal check-in.
Onboard activities including dining and entertainment.
Private island shore excursions, if any are planned during future voyages.
A simulated transfer of positive or symptomatic passengers or crew from cabins to isolation rooms.
Quarantine of all remaining passengers and non-essential crew.
Pre-Cruise Notifications For Guests
Private islands, like Royal Caribbean’s Perfect Day at Cocco Cay or Canival’s Half Moon Cay, will likely be a primary destination as cruises resume from the U.S. Cruises over seven-days may not be operated or offered; cruise length may be further restricted by the CDC at their discretion.
The cruise line website and all marketing materials must notify passengers prior to accepting reservations of any CDC travel warnings, advisories or recommendations relating to cruise travel. Plus, a notification that if a threshold of the virus is detected on board the cruise ship, during a voyage, the cruise will be ended immediately, the ship returned to the port of embarkation and onward travel, including their return home, may be restricted or delayed.
Standards for hand hygiene, face coverings, social distancing and ship sanitation must be maintained throughout the voyage. Surprisingly, no specific capacity restrictions or other onboard operating requirements were spelled out in this framework.
The Worst-Case Scenario
If a certain threshold of cases is reached onboard a ship, the line must be ready to take action.
The Cruise Line Must:
Notify passengers, crew members and government authorities.
End the voyage, return the ship to the port of embarkation, and cancel future voyages on the ship.
Isolate sick or infected passengers and crew in single occupancy cabins and quarantine all remaining passengers and non-essential crew.
Disembark and evacuate passengers in accordance with the local health system and housing agreements, using only non-commercial transportation, and ensure any transportation entities involved are aware of the presence of the virus aboard the ship.